Bahr El Ahmar: Good to know
The Red Sea has a length of approximately 1,914 km (from the southern Gulf of Suez), with a maximum width of 300 km and a maximum depth of 2,500 meters in the central median pit with an average depth of 500 meters.
It is dotted with different islands and archipelagos, from north to south: Giftun, Zabargad, the Dahlak archipelago, the Farasan Islands or the Hanish Islands.
The surface temperatures of the Red Sea water are relatively constant, between 21 and 25 ° C, making it one of the warmest seas in the world. The visibility remains relatively good up to 200 meters deep but the winds can rise quickly and the sea currents turn out to be treacherous.
There are many shoals in the Red Sea, renowned for the exuberance of the underwater life there, whether it be a variety of fish or magnificent corals. The temperature is relatively high and allows the latter to grow luxuriantly. It is populated by more than 1,000 species of invertebrates, 200 species of corals and at least 300 species of sharks.
The Red Sea is one of the most saline seas in the world with a salinity of 42 USP whereas in general the oceans have a salinity of 35 USP. The water of the Red Sea being denser, the principle of Archimedes guarantees that a body will float better than in the ocean.